The Humoral Immune Response

The adaptive immune response is a specific defense mechanism of the immune system; it recognizes and targets specific antigens. There are two main branches of the adaptive immune system: humoral (antibody-mediated) immunity and cellular (cell-mediated) immunity. For this project, I will be focusing on the humoral immune response. The first …

Nasal Anatomy

My STEAM piece for Human Anatomy and Physiology I demonstrates and explains the anatomy and physiology of the human nose, focusing specifically on its tissues. I am going to note and explain the different types of tissue present in the human nose and what their functions are. I created a …

Celiac Disease and Malnutrition

Celiac disease is a hereditary autoimmune disease in which the consumption of gluten damages the small intestines, which can lead to malnutrition. When gluten enters the body, the immune system responds by attacking the small intestines. When the small intestines are attacked, the villi are damaged, which inhibits their ability …

How a Muscle Contracts: Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia Gravis is an autoimmune disease that causes antibodies to bind to acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction and impair communication between the nerves and muscles, causing weakness in skeletal muscles. Myasthenia Gravis is often visible in the faces of affected individuals, as the eyes and mouth tend to droop …