1. This project covers the repair stages of a compound fracture in osteoporotic bone through labeled illustrations. I really enjoy these illustrations because they are clean, very easy to understand, and depict the process up close. Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a decrease in bone mass, causing the bones to become weakened and susceptible to fracturing. Post menopausal women are commonly diagnosed with osteoporosis, caused by hormone changes. Healthy lifestyle, diet, and supplements can decrease your risk and/ or severity of osteoporosis. But, This condition can also be inherited.
    There are five types of fractures to include: transverse, oblique, green stick, comminuted, and compound. This project focuses on compound fractures, which are characterized by a clean break of a bone into two pieces. These are the most common fractures. The repair process begins with the formation of a hematoma, encouraging new bone cell production. The next step of the repair process is the formation of fibrocartilaginous callus and new blood vessels, this creates a soft callus bridge from each side of the fracture to begin reconnecting the fracture. After soft callus the formation of hard callus and spongy bone begins. The last stage is bone remodeling. This is the longest step in the process and includes excess callus being absorbed to grow bone mass and cartilaginous calcification occurs at new bone growth and chondrocytes.

    Maddie Redinger

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