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  1. This paper investigates the impact of aging on fine motor skills, particularly focusing on the hand and wrist. Fine motor skills, crucial for daily tasks, deteriorate with age due to changes in the nervous, muscular, and skeletal systems. The decline in hand dexterity, a vital aspect of fine motor skills, affects activities like buttoning clothes and using utensils, significantly impacting independence in older adults.

    Research highlights various factors contributing to this decline, including musculoskeletal changes such as reduced muscle mass and altered muscle fiber types. Neurological changes, such as decreased motor units and changes in brain volume, further exacerbate the deterioration of fine motor skills. Studies using neuromuscular electrical stimulation reveal diminished muscle response in older adults compared to younger counterparts.

    Assessment methods range from traditional spiral drawing tests to advanced digital technologies, underscoring the multifaceted nature of evaluating fine motor skills in aging populations. Identifying early signs of decline in fine motor skills is crucial as it often precedes broader health issues. Prompt detection could facilitate interventions aimed at slowing the decline and maintaining independence.

    Understanding these mechanisms is essential as global populations age, emphasizing the need for comprehensive approaches to mitigate the impact of age-related declines in fine motor skills on daily life and overall well-being.

    Zorissa James

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