Thyroid Nodules

I originally had this as an animated gif, but this cite doesn’t allow an upload. I did the identification and treatment of thyroid nodules, so I chose to depict the growth of one of these nodules. This corresponds with our endocrine unit, seeing as the thyroid is such an integral hormonal organ.

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The Marble Bone Disease

Osteopetrosis, “the marble bone disease” affects about 1 in 100,000 to 500,000 individuals each year. Osteopetrosis is a rare disorder that causes bones to grow abnormally and become overly dense. When these bones become overly dense, or “marble-like” they become brittle and can fracture easily. During bone remodeling, the old bone is removed or resorbed by the osteoclast cells, and osteoblasts form new bone. However this process does not work for individuals with osteopetrosis. Instead, the old bone is not removed or resorbed, as the new bone is formed.

**There is suppose to be a video included in this post, but WordPress won’t allow me to upload, so here is the material that was included in the video:

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Wim Hof Breathing Method

My STEAM project was about the Wim Hof Breathing Technique. His breathing technique is said to have many health benefits when practiced with time and commitment. The piece of art I made is an interactive piece. Much like a children’s book. The pull tab at the bottom represents breathing and the little flip tabs up top are for inhaling and exhaling. I took a video of this, but was having trouble uploading it, so email me if you would like to see it in action.


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Valvular Disease and the Effects on the Heart


My steam project is on valvular heart disease. I describe the pathway of blood through the heart and circulatory system and diseases of heart valves that affect this blood flow. This picture shows a healthy non-diseased heart next to an enlarged heart with a leaky pulmonary valve.  The link above is how to access a video I recorded to describe both hearts.

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Instructions for Muscle Movement

This is my Presentation on Designing instructions for different movements.  I chose to demonstrate this by relating it to lifts and exercises common in the gym and why they work within different workout programs.


TJ;, Eng CM;Azizi E;Roberts. “Structural Determinants of Muscle Gearing During Dynamic Contractions.” Integrative and Comparative Biology, U.S. National Library of Medicine,

Roberts TJ;Eng CM;Sleboda DA;Holt NC;Brainerd EL;Stover KK;Marsh RL;Azizi E; “The Multi-Scale, Three-Dimensional Nature of Skeletal Muscle Contraction.” Physiology (Bethesda, Md.), U.S. National Library of Medicine,

Pham, Steven. “Physiology, Skeletal Muscle Contraction.” StatPearls [Internet]., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 21 June 2020,

Heart Attack

The red cake illustrates a normal   functioning heart. The black cake demonstrates a heart that has experienced a heart attack. The color black, shows that blood clots have blocked the blood flow to the heart. The cut piece illustrates loss of tissue and damage.


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Ben Boswell BIOL 112 STEAM project

Gonorrhea song (turkey in the straw)


There’s a lot of little critters that are living in your gut

They’re a-livin in your armpits and they’re livin in your butt

They are mostly really good for you but some are pretty bad  

And the bad ones really hurt and make you really really sad.


It’s those bad little buggers that you really need to watch

And the one I’ll focus in on likes to live up in your crotch

It makes it hurt to pee and it makes you feel raw

It’s an STD named gonorrhea


Gonorrhea, ha ha ha

Gonorrhee-ay, hey hey hey

Roll it up, pat it down, any way at all,

Play a little tune about gonorrhea.


So let’s take a little look at its morphology

It’s a tiny bacteria that’s really hard to see

It’s gram negative, fastidious,

And by golly it’s a diplococcus


On its surface gonorrhea have little pili

And sugars called lipooligosaccharides

It can use the little pili to move itself straight

And can pull 100,000 times its own weight


Gonorrhea, ha ha ha

Gonorrhee-ay, hey hey hey

Roll it up, pat it down, any way at all,

Play a little tune about gonorrhea.


It infects the submucosa of the epithelium

Where it’s quickly eaten up by our immune system

Eating pathogens is where neutrophils are at home

And they kill it using radicals from phagosomes


Now the problem is gonorrhea can be tough

And it fights right back with its own nasty stuff

So if you get gonorrhea you should see a doc

Or it just might end up cleaning your clock


Gonorrhea, ha ha ha

Gonorrhee-ay, hey hey hey

Roll it up, pat it down, any way at all,

Play a little tune about gonorrhea.

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Retained Placenta STEAM

I did my project as a model of a quick run through of birth stages and   show that the placenta can stay in the body and that it can be toxic. This covers the objective about the stages of birth and the complication that can arise with the last stage when the placenta and umbilical cord are retained. This is a very non-literal quick video just so that it isn’t too long and still shows the model.

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Breast Changes During Pregnancy

I made my project into a video like I did last semester, because I thought it was a unique and simplistic visual aid that everyone can watch and receive the message almost instantly. I hope that this style is okay with everyone; as making movies is actually a passion of mine and I am not very good at hands on crafts and art projects. My project is on the changes that occur during pregnancy, specifically to the breasts of a female’s body as it undergoes the changes necessary to facilitate the growth of life. I made a time-lapse video of myself sketching the breasts before pregnancy and breasts during pregnancy. Many changes take place during pregnancy, and a lot of changes actually take place in the breasts themselves. In my exterior sketch, you can see that the breasts become fuller and this is because the female body begins the production of milk when they start growing a child inside of their uterus. You can also see that purple stretchmarks appear as the breasts grow bigger, and these are due to the stretching of skin as they expand. Another important exterior change Is that the areolas and nipples increase in size and sometimes become darker due to increased blood flow to the breasts. These exterior changes are the ones that we hear about the most because they are the changes that we can actually see when we examine them, but there are also many important changes occurring on the inside as well. An increase in estrogen levels allows extra growth of milk ducts and glandular buds that help to produce the milk that the mother will eventually feed her baby with. Other hormones that play significant roles in milk production are human placental lactogen, luteinizing hormone, and oxytocin. As the breasts swell making room for milk storage, the milk ducts extend and elongate in order to accommodate this change. I really enjoyed learning about all of the changes that occur during pregnancy, as someone that would like to be a mom one day, I was interested in how my body will change throughout my pregnancy. I think that pregnancy is such an interesting topic and the reproductive system was one of my very favorite units from this entire class. I think it is very important to recognize all of the changes that a woman’s body goes through in order to bring life into the world, and I think it makes the whole birth process even more incredible and miraculous. Our bodies work hard to keep us alive and well throughout our entire lives, and when a woman becomes pregnant her body not only takes care of itself, but takes care of another life as well and that is something that I find absolutely amazing. The human body is incredible and I just wanted to say how grateful I am to have been a part of such a great class full of great people these last two semesters! Learning about the human body has been an amazing experience that I will not soon forget! Thanks for a great semester, you guys and have a wonderful summer!


All my best,

Miranda Lally



Breast Changes During Pregnancy. (2019, November 8). Retrieved from


PATUREL, A., & KOKSHANIAN, R. (2011). the whole 9 months.  Fit Pregnancy,  18(1), 90—96.


Stanford Children’s Health. (n.d.). Retrieved from

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

I talk about the humoral adaptive response and have an interactive activity to show you how the symptoms of RA affect the patient.

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