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  1. This project shows different types of fractures in the body using the femur as an example bone. These fractures demonstrated are open, closed, transverse, oblique, comminuted, greenstick, spiral, and impacted fractures. The first drawing demonstrates a closed fracture, this is when the femur shows a complete break but didn’t break the skin. The second drawing shows an open fracture, this is when the femur is completely broken and breaks through the skin. The third drawing shows a spiral fracture, this is when the breaks encircle the shaft of the bone leaving fragments. The fourth drawing is a greenstick fracture, which is when there is only a partial fracture on one side of the bone, you’ll mostly see this in a closed fracture and children 10 years or younger. The fifth drawing demonstrates a transverse fracture, this is when the bone shows a clean break across the bone. The sixth drawing shows an impacted fracture, this is when a broken fragment is forced into another. The seventh drawing is an oblique fracture, which happens when a fracture occurs at an angle across the bone. The last drawing demonstrates a comminuted fracture, which is when a fracture breaks into two or more fragments. The severity of the fracture will determine the kind of treatment you will receive, something minor like a greenstick fracture, immobilizing it with a splint or cast will be fine, the healing process will be short. For more serious fractures, an ortho or trauma surgeon may conduct an osteosynthesis surgery if necessary, this is where they put screws, rods, wires, or plates into the bone to help the bone heal properly. If osteosynthesis is performed improperly, an infection may occur leading to functional loss or the infection spreading to other parts of the body, if this were to happen antibiotics would be prescribed.

    Pam Noll

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