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  1. There are several different types of bone fractures that can occur in the body. The four different bones, long, short, flat and irregular, each have different fractures that occur. Closed, open, transverse, oblique, spiral, comminuted, impacted, and greenstick are the most commonly known types of fractures. There are several different reasons that fractures and breaks can happen, for reasons such as overuse injuries, osteoporosis and other bone diseases, and outside traumas. One of the biggest causes of bones ending up being fractured is a low bone density. This can be worsened with old age and can cause osteoporosis, a disease that makes the bones brittle and fragile, making them more susceptible to damage. Because of these bones being different shapes and located in different places, they also fracture and break in different ways. For example, the humerus bone is going to have a different type of fracture than the skull bone because the humerus bone is a long bone while the skull is a flat bone. As for identifying whether or not a bone is fractured, there have been many different tools used. MRI, CB, and CT scans were moderately effective when determining whether there was a fracture to the carpals. These types of tools made identification more reliable than just a visual or physical exam. Ultrasounds have also been proven to be an effective way in determining whether or not the bone is in fact healing properly. It was thought that x-rays could have a hand in decreasing bone density, making the healing time for fractures extended.

    Madison Jones

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