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  1. The twelve nerves the brain consists of take care of key voluntary and involuntary movements in the body, such as vision, smell, hearing, balance, breathing, and more. One thing that causes damage to these are strokes. Stokes can damage how nerve cells communicate and are caused by the lack of blood supply to the brain. Central and cranial neuropathy are common conditions caused by strokes. Central neuropathy causes pain and abnormalities in sensory. Whereas cranial neuropathy affects the central nervous system.
    Three types of strokes are ischemic strokes, transient ischemic strokes, and hemorrhagic strokes. Ischemic strokes occur most commonly. Transient ischemic strokes are a warning and the effects typically last around an hour. Hemorrhagic strokes are caused by high blood pressure resulting in an aneurysm or a ruptured blood vessel in the brain.
    There are three areas a stroke can affect: the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem. The cerebrum is separated into left and right. A stroke in the right can cause the left side of the body to be weak or paralyzed, memory problems, behavioral changes, left-side vision problems, and intellectual inability. A stroke in the left can cause right-sided weakness and paralysis, impaired ability to read, write, do math, understand language, and right-side vision impairment. In the cerebellum, it can cause dizziness, headache, coordination and balance problems, and nausea. In the brainstem, it can cause abnormalities in breathing and heart rate functions, vision, speaking, chewing, swallowing, and body temperature regulation.

    Aubrey Aittama

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