Emily Byrd


BIOL 112x


     The kidneys are in all vertebrates, and they are shaped as two beans underneath the ribcage, on each side of your spine. The kidneys play an important part in general health, yet they are rarely noticed until they are damaged and no longer able to function. Kidneys keep you healthy on a daily basis. The kidneys play a crucial part in the normal functioning of your body. They remove waste from the body, keep electrolyte levels regulated, and keep blood pressure in check. The kidneys are one of the most vital organs in the body. The respiratory system does not move oxygen across the body on its own. To deliver oxygen to the body, the respiratory system collaborates with the circulatory system. When oxygen is taken in through the lungs, it goes to the blood vessels, which subsequently transport oxygen-rich blood to tissues and cells. People who have emphysema have their lungs’ air sacs damaged. Over time, the inner walls of the air sacs weaken and rupture, resulting in larger air gaps instead of many small ones. This decreases the lungs’ surface area and, as a result, the amount of oxygen they can hold. This limits the amount of oxygen that reaches your bloodstream by reducing the surface area of your lungs.

With covid-19 I thought it would be nice to look at an article about how the kidney might be affected by people who get covid- 19 (Yangzhong Zhou, 2020). In individuals with coronavirus disease in 2019, the prevalence of chronic renal disease and/or acute kidney injury was mostly unknown. A total of 21,000 164 patients were included in the study, which was based on 52 peer-reviewed articles. Patients with AKI were more likely to develop severe cases and face a higher chance of death. This study shows that renal status, whether in CKD or AKI, is linked to prognosis, and that caring for such patients requires more vigilance and research.

Research on Falls and Fall-Related Injuries Among US Adults Aged 65 or Older with Chronic Kidney Disease (Brandon M. Kistler,2018). That people with chronic kidney disease CKD are at an increased risk of falling and having a serious injury from falls. Lifestyle factors, such as engaging in recent exercise and limited physical function, were most closely associated with falls and fall-related injuries. Falls are among the leading causes of injury and death among adults aged 65 or older. The study suggests that physical function and recent exercise may be an appropriate target for people with CKD to target fall prevention programs.

Stay in the theme of chronic kidney disease. This is in with Clinical pharmacy practice with caring for chronic kidney disease patients (Raiisi, F. A. 2019). Clinical pharmacy services have the potential to contribute significantly to the multidisciplinary team providing safe, effective, and economical care for patients with chronic kidney disease. The review aimed to critically appraise, synthesize, and present the available evidence about the characteristics and outcomes of clinical pharmacy practice as part of the multi-disciplinary care of patients with renal disease. The positive impact on clinical outcomes included significant improvement in parathyroid hormone, blood pressure, hemoglobin, and creatinine clearance. Economic benefits arose from significant cost savings through pharmaceutical care provisions.

Raiisi, F. A. (2019, April 9). Clinical pharmacy. . . International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11096-019-00816-4?error=cookies_not_supported&code=d5144b5a-9710-4559-ab92-af76af57791d

Chronic Kidney Diseases and Acute Kidney Injury in Patients With COVID-19: Evidence From a Meta-Analysis. (2020). PubMed Central (PMC). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7670057/

Peer-Reviewed: Falls and Fall-Related Injuries Among US Adults Aged 65 or Older With Chronic Kidney Disease. (2018). PubMed Central (PMC). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016407/


  1. Emily’s STEAM project focused on the functions of the kidneys or, more specifically, the vitalness of the kidney’s in keeping the body healthy. She mentioned how they, “remove waste from the body, keep electrolyte levels regulated, and keep blood pressure in check”. They collaborate with the respiratory system in order to deliver oxygen to the body and how that impacts lung and cell life.
    She then brought in some articles and sources that talked about how the kidney’s might be affected by the covid-19 virus. Specifically, that having acute kidney disease might increase your chance of getting covid-19 and suffering more from it or dying from it.
    Next, she discussed how having chronic kidney disease increased your risk of falling and receiving injuries that way.
    Finally, she talked about how there were some positive outcomes with regards to treatments/care for patients with chronic kidney disease.

    Dana Natwick

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