I crafted femurs out of clay, broke them, and classified them as they ended up. Breaking them was definitely different than breaking a bone due to the consistency.

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  1. Tiana’s project visually demonstrates the two major classifications of bone fractures and several universal modifiers that are used to further categorize bone fractures. Fractures are classified into either an open or closed fracture. Open fractures refer to a break that results in bone protruding from the skin, whereas a closed fracture does not result in the puncturing of the skin. These two main types of fractures are further categorized by location and description of the bone break, called universal modifiers. Medical professionals use information regarding the cause of the fracture to help further identify the classification of the break. The ability to classify a fracture then allows medical professionals to determine the severity of an injury and provide treatment and recovery protocols in accordance to the type of fracture.

    The clay sculpture of the two femurs provides a visual example of four types of fractures, demonstrating both open and closed fractures, along with their universal modifiers. The left-hand femur has two closed fractures, an oblique fracture and a multifragmentary fracture. The oblique fracture is characterized by the perpendicular line across the bone that is slightly angled around 30 degrees. The multifragmentary fracture demonstrates the multiple fracture lines and segments of bone that have been broken. The right-hand femur has a closed spiral fracture, the result of a twisting motion that breaks the bone apart. The right-hand femur also has an open oblique fracture, a break that was parallel but part of the bone has protruded out of the skin.

    Naomi Calle

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