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  1. This project is based around the concept of Raynaud’s Syndrome, also known as Raynaud’s Phenomenon or Raynaud’s disease. It is a condition where the arteries located in the extremities are have an increased sensitivity to cold or to stress. This hypersensitivity causes these arteries to constrict, and then to dilate when rewarmed. There are three stages involved in the process of Raynaud’s Syndrome. These processes begin with the affected area becoming pale due to a lack of blood flow. In the second stage, the area goes from being pale to turning blue, as this area also becomes numb. During the third stage, the arteries dilate and blood swells back into the area, warming the tissues. This is often accompanied by a burning/ throbbing sensation. These stages are also known as the ischemic phase, the deoxygenation phase, and the reperfusion stage. Although this syndrome is most known for affecting such areas as the fingers and toes, it has also been known to affect places such as the nose, the eras, the tongue and even sometimes the nipples. Interestingly enough, Raynaud’s Syndrome is more common in women than it is in males and usually affects people between the ages of 15 and 30. As you might have guessed, Raynaud’s Syndrome is the most prevalent in colder climates, such as the polar regions. This syndrome is classed into two classes: primary and secondary Raynaud’s disease. In primary Raynaud’s disease, there is no scientific reason for why the arteries become hypersensitive. In secondary Raynaud’s disease, it is the direct result of hyperthyroidism, the use of cocaine, smoking, vibration, repeated stress injuries, cancer and connective tissue disease.

    September Marcoe

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