This STEAM project focuses on Placental Abruption, which is a rare but serious disorder that can occur during pregnancy. The objective of the project is to explain common disorders during pregnancy and their causes. Placental Abruption occurs when the placenta separates prematurely from the uterine wall, which can result in severe health issues for both the mother and the baby, such as bleeding in the mother and lack of oxygen for the infant. The symptoms of an abruption are varied in severity and combination, including vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, back pain, uterine tenderness or rigidity, and uterine contractions. The risk factors include maternal age over 35, preeclampsia, short umbilical cord, sudden uterine decompression, a history of placental abruption in other pregnancies, smoking, and cocaine use. Trauma resulting from a fall, car accident, or violence resulting in a blow to the abdomen can also cause an abruption.
If placental abruption occurs, it can be life-threatening for both the mother and the baby. . An emergency cesarean is often required to save both the mother and baby. The restriction of nutrients and lack of oxygen can cause the baby to have low birth weight, cerebral palsy, lung disease, epilepsy, and cognitive deficiencies. In some cases, the baby may even be stillborn.
This project highlights the seriousness of placental abruption and provides precautions that can help lessen the risk. It emphasizes the importance of seeking medical attention if any symptoms are observed and provides an overview of the different factors that can lead to placental abruption.
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