There are three types of burns degree types. First-degree burns are very mild they look like redness, and swelling only affecting the outside layer of skin. Second-degree burns are more severe it affects both the inner and outer layer of skin, signs of it are redness, swelling, blistering, and causing intense pain. Third-degree burns can cause damage to the bones, muscles and tendons. They are the most severe the burns will look white or charred because it burned so badly it burned the nerves causing no sensation in the area.
The types of burns can be caused from friction, cold, thermal, radiation, chemical, fire, and liquids.
For firefighters, medics, and doctors it is important to know the rule of nines. When looking at burn victims you calculate how much of their body is burnt. The head and each arm are all nine percent each. Each leg, chest, and back are all eighteen percent and the perineum is one percent of the body. The calculations are a slightly different for children. A Childs head and neck is eighteen percent, each arm is nine percent, both anterior and posterior trunk are thirteen percent, each leg 14 percent.
With minor burns you can treat a burn using the “C” burn. Cooling burns with tap water or saline solution to prevent progression. Cleaning with mild soap and water or antibacterial wash. Covering the burn with antibiotic ointment or cream with absorbent dressing or specialized burn dressing materials. Comfort the pain with medications when needed, splints can also provide comfort.
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