This project covers the objective: Describe disorders of blood and how they can be treated
I was born with Hereditary Spherocytosis which is a condition that effects my red blood cell structure. Normal red blood cells are shaped like biconcave discs which allow for more flexible movement. This is important because our blood cells pass through tightly woven splenic cords in the spleen on their way to circulate throughout the rest of the body. Spherocytes are shaped as the same suggests, like spheres. This lack of surface area makes it difficult for the blood to move through the spleen. When spherocytes come upon splenic sinusoids they are attacked by macrophages who see them as a threat due to their odd structure. The macrophages phagocytize the misshapen erythrocytes which ultimately leads to anemia, enlarged spleen (more prone to rupture), and in severe cases gallstones. I had a more severe form of H.S which required a splenectomy (removal of the spleen) and cholecystectomy (removal of the gall bladder) to treat my disorder. The spherocytes still remain but I do not have to worry about an exploding spleen or anemia anymore.